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I was fascinated, because it seemed to be a real thing, something with proof left behind. For Rubio and millions of other Mexicans and Mexican-Americans, December 12th holds special ificance. It marks the date in when the Virgin Mary purportedly appeared to an indigenous Mexican, in the last of several apparitions. To the present day, Our Lady of Guadalupe remains a powerful symbol of Mexican identity and faith, and her image is associated with everything from motherhood to feminism to social justice. Across the U.

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Juan Diego in a vision in The name also refers to the Marian apparition itself. Our Lady of Guadalupe holds a special place in the religious life of Mexico and is one of the most popular religious devotions. Her image has played an important role as a national symbol of Mexico. According to tradition, Mary appeared to Juan Diego, who was an Aztec convert to Christianityon December 9 and again on December 12, During her first apparition she requested that a shrine to her be built on the spot where she appeared, Tepeyac Hill now in a suburb of Mexico City.

The bishop demanded a before he would approve construction of a church, however.

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Mary then appeared a second time to Juan Diego and ordered him to collect roses. In a second audience with the bishop, Juan Diego opened his cloak, letting dozens of roses fall to the floor and revealing the image of Mary imprinted on the inside of the cloak—the image that is now venerated in the Basilica of Guadalupe. The traditional view has been questioned by various scholars and ecclesiastics, including the former abbot of the Basilica of Guadalupe.

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The primary objection is that there is no documentary evidence for the apparition until ; critics claim that documents purporting to be from the 16th century are actually from the 17th. Critics have also noted that the bishop approached by Juan Diego was not consecrated untiland he makes no mention of Juan Diego or of Our Lady of Guadalupe in his writings.

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Defenders of the Virgin of Guadalupe—including Pope John Paul IIwho canonized Juan Diego and declared Our Lady of Guadalupe the patroness of the Americas—accept the authenticity of the early documents and point also to various oral s of the apparition. A shrine to the Virgin has existed on the site since at leastwhen the archbishop of New Spain promoted devotion to the image of Mary at a chapel in Tepeyac. The image was described by an English prisoner in Mexico City inand by the end of the 16th century Our Lady of Guadalupe formed part of a wide network of shrines to the Virgin throughout Mexico.

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The devotion continued to grow, especially after Our Lady of Guadalupe was credited with ending a deadly epidemic of hemorrhagic fever that ravaged Mexico City in — In she was proclaimed patroness of Mexico City, and in her patronage was accepted by all the territories of New Spain, which included part of present-day California as well as Mexico and regions as far south as Guatemala and El Salvador.

Veneration of Our Lady of Guadalupe has been particularly strong among women, especially in Mexico, and since at least the early 18th century the devotion was spread throughout the world by the Jesuits and other religious. In Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla promoted her as the patroness of the revolt he led against the Spanish.

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Her continuing ificance as a religious and national symbol is attested by the hundreds of thousands of pilgrims who visit her shrine every year. Our Lady of Guadalupe. Additional Info. Print Cite verified Cite. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.

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Our lady of guadalupe is a powerful symbol of mexican identity

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Subscribe Now. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. During their campaign the members of this force attacked the persons and property of peninsular…. Throughout Mexico are thousands of Catholic churches, convents, pilgrimage sites, and shrines.

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When Hidalgo left his tiny village, he marched with his followers into Guanajuato, a major colonial mining centre peopled by Spaniards and Creoles. There the leading citizens barricaded themselves in a public granary.

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Hidalgo captured the granary on September 28,…. History at your fingertips.

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The first phase is about the past, looking back in gratitude of what has transpired - Orgullosos De Tu Historia Proud of your History.
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