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A defense attorney used a First Amendment argument to challenge a Bell County district court judge on the gag order that the judge imposed in in a Killeen capital murder case, but no ruling was made on the matter during a hearing this week. A Belton teenager faces a first-degree felony drug charge after his parents called police about drugs at their home. A Killeen man was indicted by the Bell County grand jury earlier this week after police said he used a razor blade to slash a woman repeatedly during an incident earlier this year. One of the three men who was arrested following the death of a Harker Heights man during a shootout in the Harker Heights High School parking lot earlier this year was not indicted by a Bell County grand jury earlier this week, but he might not be finished with the Bell County justice system.
When I moved to Austin in the fall of to teach at the University of Texas, I was the envy of nearly everyone I knew. The country? Quite possibly the earth?!
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Yet still I was dragging my feet, which many Austinites found offensive ever tried arguing with one about the superiority of any other place? Those other Texas cities had their own racial and class problems, sure, but they all had vibrant Latino communities, and they were cities where I could experience myself as both a Tejana and a Texan, an American who was Latina. By contrast, sometimes when I had lunch with my editor in downtown Austin I noticed I was the only non-white patron in the restaurant.
I had to ask myself, In a city where Hispanics made up over a third of the residents, why were they so hard to find? Austin prides itself on its cultural liberalism and sophistication, but given the invisibility of Latinos, it irked me that the city was obsessed with Latin American culture. I also felt persistently overdressed. Once, I showed up at a beautiful Hill Country ranch wedding in a long summer dress and stilettos when all the women were in knee-length frocks and sandals or wedge shoes they could manage the rocky grounds in. I bought a condo in southwest Austin, in a neighborhood with a nice mix of natives and newcomers.
For some reason, the area felt to me closer in spirit to the rest of Texas.
The development was still under construction when I moved in, and a crew of strictly Mexican workers was a ubiquitous presence during the first months I lived there. It was from them I learned about the great Austin divide and began to understand why I rarely saw any Latinos or blacks. A long-standing east-west geographic rift shapes race and class relations in the capital to this day.
The west side of I was mostly white. This was where they came to work, and they literally kept their he down while they did so. Racial zoning was unconstitutional, but this policy accomplished the same thing.
Bymost black Austinites were living between Seventh and Twelfth streets, while the growing Mexican American population was consolidating just south of that. For years Austin has held the dubious distinction of being the only major city in the country clinging to an outmoded model of elective representation that all but ensured its racial exclusivity would persist.
Sincemembers of the city council have been elected on an at-large basis, which means that residents vote for individuals to represent the city as a whole, not their own neighborhoods. Because levels of voter participation, not to mention money, are unequal from neighborhood to neighborhood, this has perpetuated a serious imbalance in who holds and influences power.
The few have been governing the many.
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The roots of this system are shameful. Untilthe system was straightforward: the top five vote-getters on a single ballot would become council members and select the mayor themselves. Not until twenty years later, inwas an African American elected to the council, followed by the first Latino in Though nothing prevented minority candidates from running for another place, they generally complied with the rule, since to do otherwise would disrupt the system, making victory unlikely.
For forty years, local activists have pushed to fix the disparity by moving to a system of single-member districts. This legal remedy emerged throughout the country in the seventies. A series of subsequent Supreme Court decisions compelled city and state governments to draw up districts with non-white majorities, which would ensure they could elect to office one of their own.
By and large this fix has worked. Single-member districts have been especially effective at overcoming historic segregation in cities with similarities to Austin, where the system was specifically deed to weaken the voting strength of minorities.
They have far less impact in cities where ethnic groups are dispersed or where they represent a sizable portion of overall voters. Austin had tried and failed six times to pass a single-member-district ballot initiative. Finally in November, 60 percent of voters approved a plan known asfor the ten districts it will create citywide. But whether single-member districts are fully the answer remains to be seen. African Americans face a special challenge: they have been moving out of Austin entirely, making it harder to carve out an electoral district that will guarantee their representation.
A different problem affects Asian Americans, who now make up 6 percent of residents.
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Not suffering the same segregationist legacies as blacks and Latinos, they are more spread out across the city, making it difficult to guarantee direct representation. As for Latinos, when the plan goes into effect inthey will probably net one or two more seats. Perhaps the biggest case to make for single-member districts in Austin is that they will lead to geographic diversity on the council.
Today, five of its seven members, including the mayor, live downtown or in West or Central Austin. The question is how increasing diversity in political representation will eventually make Austin a more genuinely multicultural city.
Politics is one thing; the next step is getting citizens from different backgrounds to know one another, to eat in the same restaurants, to move through the same spaces. I sorely missed this sight when I moved to Austin, this visibility and celebration of cultural difference. But maybe things are changing. She seemed as out of place there as a gal in stilettos at a Hill Country wedding, but she was beaming, unencumbered, and she made me smile.